Olympic soccer rules, explained: How men’s and women’s football tournaments work in Tokyo

Olympic soccer guidelines, defined: How males’s and girls’s soccer tournaments work in Tokyo

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The lads’s and girls’s Olympic soccer tournaments are among the many marquee occasions on the world soccer scene.

Each competitions function equally. Right here’s how they work.

  • Qualifying: Taking part nations must qualify for the Olympic soccer match from their respective area. Every regional physique determines for itself how qualifying occurs.
  • Olympic group draw: The groups that qualify for the Olympics are cut up into completely different teams primarily based on a random seeded draw. The competitors schedule is predetermined prematurely of the draw.
  • Olympic roster choice: Every nationwide group head coach picks 22 soccer gamers to compete on the Olympics primarily based on Olympic roster guidelines (extra beneath).

As soon as the groups get to the Olympics, the match is cut up into two phases:

  • Group stage: Every group begins by taking part in three matches within the round-robin group stage. Solely eight groups advance from the group stage to the knockout rounds.
  • Knockout stage: The tournaments wrap up with single-elimination quarterfinals, semifinals and the 2 medal matches. semifinal losers meet for the bronze. The semifinal winners play a gold/silver medal match.

That’s all simple sufficient. However there are slight variations that make these Olympic tournaments completely different.

MORE: Up to date males’s soccer outcomes & ladies’s soccer outcomes

What number of groups qualify to the Olympics?

As of 2021, the boys’s and girls’s soccer tournaments began with a special variety of taking part groups:

  • Males’s Olympic soccer: 16 groups
  • Ladies’s Olympic soccer: 12 groups

Males’s soccer has been performed at each summer time Olympics, whereas ladies’s soccer was launched for the primary time in 1996.

The ladies’s competitors began out with eight groups in 1996, elevated to 10 members in 2000 and expanded to 12 groups for the 2008 Video games in Beijing. With the fast progress in ladies’s soccer occurring all over the world, enlargement to 16 groups appears inevitable.

What’s the distinction between the Olympics and the World Cup?

Each males’s and girls’s FIFA World Cups see the participation of one of the best groups with their finest gamers after qualifying competitions that contain each nationwide group on the planet. That’s not the case with the Olympics, and this ensures that, whereas nonetheless prestigious, the Olympics by no means compete with the World Cup.

The FIFA World Cups for women and men function an expanded subject of groups which makes each the head of accomplishment within the sport: 32 members for each the boys’s and girls’s World Cups. The diminished subject on the Olympics provides it much less of a world championship really feel.

Moreover, within the case of males’s Olympic soccer solely, FIFA and the Worldwide Olympic Committee restrict match participation to gamers who’re 23 years of age and youthful, with solely three over-23 choices permitted on every roster (given the pandemic delay, that age cutoff was pushed to 24 for 2021). It’s additionally not necessary that membership groups launch male gamers to their nationwide groups for the boys’s Olympic match. That is why you don’t see Lionel Messi taking part in for Argentina or Neymar taking part in for Brazil in Tokyo 2021, though each may have in all probability twisted a number of arms in the event that they actually wished to be there.

In the meantime, the ladies’s Olympic soccer match options full senior nationwide groups. No age restrictions.

MORE: Full schedules for males’s soccer and girls’s soccer

How does every nation qualify for Olympic soccer?

Every area has its personal guidelines for figuring out how its qualifying slots are stuffed. The bulk have Olympic qualifying tournaments, with a few of these branded as Underneath-23 championships within the case of the boys.

They don’t complicate issues in Europe: They only repurpose their usually scheduled males’s Underneath-21 European Championship to find out the 4 European qualifying berths to the Olympics. In addition they take the highest European finishers on the FIFA Ladies’s World Cup to fill the three berths to the ladies’s Olympic match (England’s end gave Nice Britain a spot). That’s why the final ladies’s Olympic gold medal winner, Germany, is not on the 2021 Olympics.

Right here’s the breakdown of berths across the globe for Tokyo 2021:

Area Males’s Olympic Berths Ladies’s Olympic Berths
Africa 3 (Egypt, Ivory Coast, South Africa) 1.5 (Zambia)
Asia 3 (Australia, Saudi Arabia, S. Korea) 2 (Australia, China)
Europe 4 (France, Germany, Romania, Spain) 3 (Nice Britain, Netherlands, Sweden)
Oceania 1 (New Zealand) 1 (New Zealand)
South America 2 (Brazil, Argentina) 1.5 (Brazil)
North America 2 (Honduras, Mexico) 2 (USA, Canada)

The explanation that Africa and South America are listed as having 1.5 berths every? That half-berth refers to a playoff that’s performed between each areas. Chile beat Cameroon over two matches to make the 2021 Olympics.

Lastly, the host nation mechanically qualifies for the boys’s and girls’s soccer tournaments. Japan has each a males’s and girls’s soccer group competing on the 2021 Tokyo Video games.

MORE: Up to date prime purpose scorers within the males’s match

Are the principles completely different in Olympic soccer?

World soccer governing physique FIFA really runs each males’s and girls’s competitions on the Olympics and so the Legal guidelines of the Sport and match codecs line up fairly equally with the World Cup and different worldwide competitions.

Within the group stage, groups earn three factors for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss. There are tiebreakers for groups which can be even on factors in the course of the three-match, round-robin group part and so they’re used on this order:

  1. Superior purpose distinction in all group matches (distinction between objectives scored and conceded);
  2. Most objectives scored in all group matches;
  3. Most factors obtained in group matches between the groups in query;
  4. Superior purpose distinction in group matches between the groups in query;
  5. Most objectives scored in group matches between the groups in query;
  6. Greatest conduct rating regarding yellow and purple playing cards acquired in all group matches:
  7. Drawing of tons

Eight groups advance from the group levels to the single-elimination knockout levels which function quarterfinal and semifinal matches that lead as much as the gold/silver-medal match and the bronze-medal match.

If you happen to actually need to delve into all of the nitty gritty of the principles, all 78 pages of them are printed.

What occurs if Olympic soccer video games finish in ties?

Throughout the group stage, attracts after 90 minutes lead to a degree for every group of their respective group standings.

Throughout the single-elimination knockout rounds, all matches in each the boys’s and girls’s tournaments which can be tied after 90 minutes of regulation will head to half-hour of additional time (two intervals of quarter-hour every). If the draw persists, a penalty-kick shootout can be used to find out a winner.


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